Field Dependence / Field Independence

Field Dependence and Field Independence is an assessment of the learning style of a person. Someone who is field “dependent” is learns best while interacting with a teacher and other students to learn concepts and ideas. Someone who is field “independent” learns best from resources provided by the teacher and other students that can be used alone, for example related reading and writing or worksheets. 1 2

WP Glossary Term Usage


  1. Kirton, Michael (1978). “Field dependence and adaptation-innovation theories”. Perceptual and Motor Skills. 47: 1239–1245.
  2. MUSSER, T. Individual Differences: How Field Dependence-Independence Affects Learners. Retrieved December 9, 2016